Friday, March 2, 2012

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants



Digital Natives are people who have grown up in the digital world using technology as a way to communicate, record, educate, and understand society. Today's tweens and teens are digital natives as they have had access to computers, cell phones, email, and other forms of technology since birth. Digital Natives speak the language of technology and are as comfortable with technology as past generations have been with pen and paper.
Digital Natives are used to receiving information really fast. They like to parallel process and multitask. They prefer their graphics before their text rather than the opposite. They prefer random access (like hypertext). They function best when networked. They thrive on instant gratification and frequent rewards. They prefer games to "serious" work.

In contrast, those not born in the digital world reveal their non-native status through a "digital immigrant accent" that manifests itself in a number of ways—printing out a digital document to edit it rather than editing it online , they also show their students in class to see an interesting website rather than just sending them the URL because they might not know how to send it via email.
According to Prensky, digital immigrants are attempting to teach the digital natives with methods that are no longer valid; the only choice may be for educators to change the way they teach. "Unfortunately," he says, "no matter how much the Immigrants may wish it, it is highly unlikely the Digital Natives will go backwards. In the first place, it may be impossible? their brains may already be different"
The solution Prensky proposes is for today's teachers to learn the language of the natives, to speed up instruction, and to provide "random access. Prensky argues for a new way of looking at educational content as well. A category that he calls "legacy content" consists of traditional subjects such as reading, writing, and logical thinking; "future content" is "digital and technological," including such subjects as "software, hardware, robotics, nanotechnology and genomics" as well as the "ethics, politics, sociology, languages, and other things that go with them"

According to Prensky, hat is the biggest serious problem facing education today because our Digital Immigrant instructors, who speak an outdated language are struggling to teach a population that speaks an entirely new language.
So if Digital Immigrant educators really want to reach Digital Natives  – i.e. all their students – they will have to change.  It‟s high time for them to stop their grousing, and as the Nike motto of the Digital Native generation says, “Just do it!”  They will succeed in the long run  – and their successes will come that much sooner if their administrators support them

“How would I use blogs, wikis and delicious with my EFL students?




Delicious:
is a social bookmarking web service for storing, sharing, and discovering web bookmarks. 
i can used delicious to ask students to bookmark games and activity that may help them in learning English as a foreign language.

How to use social bookmarking in the classroom?
• Network with other educators, share resources about teaching
• Collaborative student research projects
• Social bookmarking = 21st century researching skill
• Emphasize unintended learning and discovery through other students' bookmarks

Blog:
Like Podcast, wiki and other types of new technology, blogs can be use in classroom environment for diary entry; it also can be a useful tool to link communication between study groups within a class or other classes or even schools. If use effectively, blogs can create a learning environment that extend beyond the schoolyard
Blogs provide a communication space that teachers can utilize with students whenever there is a curriculum need to develop writing, share ideas and reflect on work being undertaken in the classroom. 

USES of BLOGGING FOR EDUCATION
1)Classroom Management (Community of learners, update efficiently, post handouts, assignments)
2)Collaboration (peer review, cooperative learning, suggestions)
3) Discussion (different learning styles--shy people can participate, ESL students benefit)
4) Student Portfolios (organize work by date, track student progress)
  
Wiki:
is a perfect source for sharing information. Wiki gives EFL students to add and discuss whatever information they learned. It also gives them the chance to edit or remove anything that seems to be wrong or need editing for them.
Ways to Use Wikis in Education
  •   Easily create simple Web sites. Anyone can do it...really.
  •  Project development with peer review. Everyone has written a paper and reread it so many times that they couldn't see a glaring error right in front of their face and your friend points it right out. Multiply that by a million, and you get a big improvement.
  • Group authoring. Tired of emailing word processor files back and forth and trying to figure out who has the latest copy? Leave it in one place where your changes are instantly seen by everyone.
  • Track a group project. Can't meet in person because of conflicting schedules? Post your discussions on your group wiki. You do meet together but you forget what everyone promised to do after the meeting? Have a scribe enter action items right into the wiki during the meeting.
  • Data collection. Make the computer do the work for you.
  • Review classes and teachers. Publish your experience in a class so other students can make a better decision about whether to take that class.
  • Collaborative curriculum design/course content authoring. Anything that requires collaboration can be done through a wiki.